Anthracnose & How Do You Get Rid of It? | Arbor Masters

Anthracnose: The Fungus Attacking your Trees 

Anthracnose is a plant disease caused by fungi. It can cause severe damage and even death to many species of trees, shrubs and other plants if left untreated.

Anthracnose is a plant disease caused by fungi. It can cause severe damage and even death to many species of trees, shrubs and other plants if left untreated. When anthracnose strikes, you need to act quickly as it can spread throughout an entire garden or landscape if left unchecked. 

 Dogwood anthracnose was first discovered in the Pacific Northwest in the 1970s and soon spread to the eastern United States, eventually resulting in severe losses to natural stands of dogwoods in mountainous regions. It wasn’t until 1991 that the culprit – discula destructiva – was identified as the cause of anthracnose. 

How does Anthracnose affect plants? 

 Many species of garden plants, shrubs and trees are susceptible to anthracnose, but some of the most common include ash, maple and oak trees. Other plants such as peonies, liriope (lilyturfs) and even garden fruits and vegetables also may be affected. It is important to note that anthracnose does not discriminate; it can affect any plant or tree regardless of age or condition. 

Symptoms of Anthracnose 

Anthracnose symptoms vary depending on what plant it has infected, but the disease often manifests itself through discoloration and wilting of leaves or fruits. 


Anthracnose is particularly hard to treat because the fungal spores that cause it can enter the host plant’s system through wounds in its bark or through contact with infested soil.  

Will Anthracnose Kill My Trees? 

In some cases, anthracnose can lead to plant death. According to Iowa State University, anthracnose fungus can also cause death of buds and twigs on trees. 

The death of new shoot growth for repeated years can result in a gnarled or crooked branch growth, as side shoots take over as the new leader branches. 

How to Identify Anthracnose 


To protect your plants, learn how to identify anthracnose in its early stages. A few common symptoms include: 

  1.  necrotic (dead) spots on the leaves or fruits of a plant 
  2. discoloration and wilting of leaves 
  3. stunted growth 

 The fungus usually appears during wet weather and can spread quickly if not treated promptly. 

 If you see any signs of anthracnose or other plant and tree diseases, it is important to contact your local arborists for a consultation. At Arbor Masters, we specialize in comprehensive plant health care, taking care of your trees and shrubs from the ground up to keep them in perfect health. 

The Science of Anthracnose 

What is the Anthracnose Life Cycle? 

Anthracnose is caused by several species of fungi, each with its own life cycle. Depending on the fungus, anthracnose can cause damage throughout the year or only during certain seasons. Generally, anthracnose will begin as tiny spots on leaves and fruits that turn into necrotic lesions. These lesions are where fungus spores are released, allowing anthracnose to spread quickly from one plant to the next.  

How Does Anthracnose Spread? 

Anthracnose is spread primarily through contact with infected soil, plants, or water. Fungal spores can be spread via wind and rain. It is important to take preventive measures, such as improved sanitation and avoiding overhead watering, in order to protect your plants from anthracnose. 

Does Anthracnose Stay in Soil? 

Unfortunately, anthracnose can survive in the soil. According to the University of California, anthracnose can survive for at least nine months without a host plant, allowing for further disease spread after getting rid of the original host. Although the spores may not be active, they will remain viable and can cause infection. 

 Will Anthracnose Go Away on its Own? 

Maybe. In rare cases, anthracnose can go away on its own; however, it is best to take steps to control anthracnose early on before it has a chance to spread and cause significant damage.  

How to get rid of Anthracnose 

 Fungal and Anthracnose Treatments 

Fortunately, anthracnose doesn’t have to mean the end of a garden or landscape. With proper plant health care, anthracnose can be managed and even prevented. Many fungicides are available to help combat anthracnose and other fungal diseases, while improved sanitation practices such as removing infected plants or pruning away affected areas can also go a long way in controlling the disease. Additionally, environmental practices such as planting anthracnose-resistant varieties may help prevent infection. 

When to Treat for Anthracnose 

As with any plant disease, it is important to stay vigilant when it comes to anthracnose so that steps can be taken early on to stop its spread and protect your plants from further harm. Treat anthracnose early on before it has had a chance to spread too far and cause excessive damage.  

If you are seeing symptoms of anthracnose, contact us today to learn more about our comprehensive plant health care and disease control practices 

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